How Long Does It Take to Adopt a Child? The Process, Explained!!!

How long does it take to adopt a child

The adoption process can take an extremely lengthy period of time, which can put a lot of burden on some families. Adopting a baby can take anything from a few months to a year or more, and the wait time for foreign adoptions can be significantly longer. And while extensive wait times may be essential for some adoptions, many families would like to find whatever means they can to shorten these waits.

There are a lot of reasons why wait durations differ from adoption to adoption, including the adopting parents’ personal preferences. Fortunately, there are ways to shorten adoption wait times, allowing you to expand your family sooner rather than later. Other reasons could include a lack of financial resources.

To a large extent, birth mothers typically require financial support during their adoption journey, if allowed by state law. Having money set aside in advance, as permitted by state law, for these expenses may aid the Adoptive Family’s preparedness.

These alternatives, recommendations, and modifications to your adoption plan will help you cut down on the time it takes to adopt a child. This post will help you every step of the way, guiding you through each stage and assisting you in reducing your wait time as much as possible.


Adopting a child is a time-consuming and emotional process. As earlier stated, they can take a few months or years to complete. When it comes to determining how long it takes to adopt a child, there are numerous aspects to consider. Some of these aspects include the age of the child, the race of the child, and the form of adoption.

The first consideration is the type of child you desire. Infants must wait significantly longer than older children. Many older youngsters wait years for an adoptive parent to come along. Minority children have a reduced wait time. Children of Eastern European, African, and Asian heritage are in lower demand. Children of Western European origin are in higher demand.

The type of adoption is the second consideration. Adoption of a foster child who is older can take place swiftly. On the other hand, adoption from other countries can take a long time.

Financial considerations can also stymie the process. Have you set aside funds for this adoption? Savings will assist in reducing the adoption time frame. If you don’t have any money saved up, you may need to look for ways to borrow money. It can take a long time to find sources of funding for adoption.

When it comes to the question of how long it takes to adopt a kid, all of these considerations are crucial.

We will get into more details later in this post. In the meantime, let’s begin with the basics.

Why Does Adoption Take So Long?

Well if you read through from the beginning of this article, you’ll find that this question has already been answered. But let’s go through some details once again.

There is a lot that goes into adoption, and the government, as well as adoption agencies and specialists in different states and countries, often have quite strict standards.

Your adoption wait time may be shorter or longer depending on where you adopt from, and the type of adoption you choose can also influence it. For instance, if you decide to adopt a child from another country, you’ll have to observe not only your own country’s adoption standards but also the rules in the country where your adoptive child was born. Waiting for your child can be a long process due to a variety of criteria, laws, and conditions.

On the flip side, below are a few things you could do to cut through the process and reduce how long it takes to adopt a child.

What Can You Do to Cut Down on Wait Time?

Certain factors may play a role in reducing adoption wait times. Your adoption preferences will have a big impact on how long you have to wait. The longer the delay, the stricter your adoption plan and preferences are.

Some families think that sticking to a strict adoption plan is the best way to ensure that everything goes smoothly while adopting a child. Such strict preparations, on the other hand, provide little flexibility for any developments that might bring your child closer to you sooner. If you want to cut down on the time it takes to adopt a child, the best thing you can do is be flexible in both your plan and the different elements that go into adoption. These are some of them:

#1. Race

As adoptive parents, you could have preferences for the race or ethnicity of the kid you want to adopt. When you indicate that you are open to adopting a child of a different race or ethnicity, your profiles will be seen by a larger number of Birth Parents, potentially shortening your wait time.

#2. Gender

Those who approach adoption with the goal of adopting a specific gender may believe that they would speed up the process, but this might actually delay it. Depending on age, availability, health, and other criteria, depending on where the kid is being adopted from, wanting a boy or a girl can increase wait times.

#3. Budget:

Adoptions can be costly, and while grants and loans are available to adoptive families, sometimes the budget isn’t sufficient. And because your money can have a big impact on when, who, and how you adopt, it’s essential to be as financially prepared as possible. This entails being willing to take out loans and seek grants, as well as exploring other financial options.

#4. Contact With the Biological Parents

Your wait time may be affected by whether you select an open or closed adoption. It’s tough to say which option is the shortest because each has its own set of benefits and drawbacks. This component is highly influenced by the child you are given and your relationship with the birth parents. Most adoptions are now open or semiĀ­open, allowing the Birth Mother to receive photos and/or updates about the child, as well as visits in some cases.

Meanwhile, while waiting times for adoption can be lengthy, you do not have to suffer and wait indefinitely. When attempting to reduce wait times, keep an open mind, be flexible, and be prepared for anything. You can find ways to be more open to the many different alternatives by doing so. Your own goals and wants in your adoption plan can sometimes have a significant impact on the waiting period.

So, examine and reĀ­evaluate what is most important to you in terms of adoption preferences, and seek advice from your adoption professional. It’s possible that the ideal child for your family is one you didn’t expect.

Every child is a miracle of life and a blessing in any circumstance, and he or she will undoubtedly find a home in your arms if you surround him or her with love.

Factors that Affect How Long it takes to Adopt a Child

Keep the following factors in mind when you’re trying to adopt a child while worried about how long it will take.

#1. Foster Care

The quickest type of adoption is adopting a child from foster care. There are three important aspects to this process:

  1. Certification
  2. Placement and transition
  3. Severance to adoption


Different states have different certification requirements. There are, however, some universal rules that apply to all states. Parents must receive training in order to understand how to care for a child who has likely experienced traumatic events. Parents will complete forms and gather information. A home study is required of the family.

Placement and transition

A social worker will find a youngster who matches a potential parent’s request. The parent and the matching child are reunited. This will be a foster scenario if the parental rights have not yet been terminated. The parent is given a plan of action and six months to satisfy certain standards and goals in order to reclaim their child from social services. If the parent has shown progress after six months, the term may be extended. When a parent fails to work in order to meet the standards, the court will terminate parental rights.

You can adopt a child whose parental rights have already been terminated if you don’t want to go through the fostering process. If parental rights have previously been terminated, the adoption process will be expedited. You will move forward with adoption once parental rights have been terminated.

However, there are numerous requirements for the adoption procedure. If the child was not already in your care as a foster child, the process will take six months. By originally fostering the child, you can bypass these six months.

Furthermore, to adopt, you must first obtain a license. The legal papers will require the services of an attorney.

The entire procedure can take anything from 6 to 18 months to finish. The length of time depends on the child’s parental rights and whether or not the prospective parent has previously fostered.

#2. Newborn Adoptions

Adoptions of newborns can take anywhere from two to seven years. Finding a newborn is the most time-consuming part of the procedure. The majority of people who want to adopt always go for newborns. The demand for infants is far greater than the supply.

There are a few things you can do to speed up the process. For starters, by having a home study conducted, you can start completing the pre-placement criteria right away. If you’re willing to compromise on color, gender, or disability, your chances of having a baby will improve.

#3. International Adoptions

Adoptions that take place outside of the United States are basically the most time-consuming. International adoptions are completed in four steps:

  1. Studying at home
  2. Putting together a dossier
  3. Processing in the country
  4. Processing of adoption visas in the United States

The home study and dossier should take roughly 5 months to complete in total.

In one to three months, the home study can be finished.

The home study should be done as soon as possible, regardless of the type of adoption you are seeking. It takes around two months to prepare a dossier. The majority of this time is spent waiting for the Orphan Visa’s Advanced Processing to be approved.

The time it takes for a country to process an approval varies depending on the country:

  • China 4-5 years
  • Bulgaria 1-2 years
  • Ukraine 3-6 months
  • DR Congo 3-6 months
  • Samoa 3-6 months
  • Nicaragua 1-2 years
  • Honduras 1-2 years
  • Ethiopia 1-2 years
  • Mexico 3-6 months

The USCIS Orphan Visa application process might take anywhere from 5 days to 5 months to complete. You should communicate with the US Embassy in the nation from which you are adopting to receive a more precise time period.

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