WARN Act NYC: Meaning, Requirements


The New York Department of Labor (DOL) released the final updated regulations for the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (NY WARN) Act at the end of June 2023. The amendments are now in effect and place substantial new obligations on companies that choose to carry out mass layoffs. WARN Act exceptions for NYC, What is New York’s WARN Act? will be looked into in this article.

What is the WARN Act NYC?

One important piece of legislation that safeguards workers after layoffs or plant closures in New York is the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act. National employer regulations are outlined in the federal WARN Act. Certain states have unique regulations, such as Illinois, California, and New York. Employers must be aware of the special requirements of the WARN Act in New York, which deviate from federal regulations. The New York WARN Act is crucial for employers, playing a significant role in both state and federal employment laws. It addresses:

  • Closures impacting twenty-five or more workers
  • Mass layoffs involving 25 or more full-time workers, if they constitute at least 33% of all workers at the location.
  • Mass terminations of at least 250 full-time workers
  • Some other moves and approved time off from work

WARN Act NYC Requirements

Also, to comply with the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act in New York, employers must be aware of the state’s unique requirements. New York has its regulations for handling layoffs and plant closures, unlike the federal WARN Act.

  1. Minimum Number of Employees: Companies with 50 or more employees are subject to the New York WARN Act. This level covers a wider range of employers and is lower than the federal minimum.
  2. New York mandates compliance with minimum worker count requirements if an organization fires more than 25 workers within 30 days due to a plant closure. This figure is below the federal minimum to give workers more protection.
  3. In the event of a mass layoff, the minimum number of employees
    If more than 25% of employees—that is, at least 25 full-time employees, or more than 250 employees—are let go in 30 days, New York will enforce compliance.

WARN Definitions in New York

Examine the terminology that helped to form the New York WARN Act, offering clarification on phrases that are essential to adherence.

Plant closure: The closing of a location that employs fifty or more people is referred to as a plant closure in New York. Also, the state’s WARN Act mandates firms to inform affected workers and authorities in advance.
Mass layoff:

In New York, a mass layoff is defined as the termination of more than 25% of the workforce within 30 days, provided that at least 25 full-time employees—or more than 250 employees—are let go. The state’s WARN Act also mandates the notification of affected employees and relevant authorities in advance.

WARN Act Exceptions for NYC

There are particular exclusions from the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification (WARN) Act of New York, which was created to protect workers during workforce changes.

  1. Natural catastrophes and calamities: In the event of plant closures, layoffs, or relocations brought on by natural catastrophes or acts of war, there are no WARN Act requirements.
  2. Project or Undertaking Completion: Exemptions are applicable in cases when specific projects are completed and closures or layoffs follow, particularly in the mining, drilling, logging, construction, and motion picture sectors.
  3. Seasonal Employment: Workers in positions where employment is temporary and there are no notice requirements are exempt.
  4. Money or Business Pursuit: Employers who aggressively pursue money or business may be exempt from the notice obligations to secure funding or contracts. Furthermore, mass layoffs, as defined by the New York Labor Code, are not covered by this exclusion.

Employers must navigate these exceptions to maintain compliance with the New York WARN Act and to promote an equitable workplace in exceptional situations.

Penalties and Violations of the NY WARN Act

Businesses that violate WARN are subject to fines, which may include paying back employee benefits and arrears.

WARN NY Act sanctions consist of:

  • Retroactive pay Benefits
  • Civil fines
  • For instance, businesses that break the act in New York are subject to a $500 civil fine for each day that the infringement persists.

The WARN Act is enforced by the legal system. This implies that employees may bring legal action for WARN violations, including class action lawsuits.


Is There a WARN Act in New York City?

Employers subject to the New York WARN Act are required to give impacted workers a notice period of ninety days. This is a 60-day extension from the government mandate, giving staff more time to get ready for upcoming changes.

Is the Warn Act Applicable Outside of the US?

WARN does not apply to employment locations abroad. To ascertain whether an employer is covered as an employer under § 639.3(a), the number of U.S. workers at such sites is counted.

Is It Right on Red in NYC?

Except at specific Staten Island junctions, it is unlawful to turn right when the traffic light is red in New York City. There will be signage at these intersections indicating that right turns on red are allowed.

Wrapping Up

Businesses are required by the New York State WARN Act to provide early notice of closures and layoffs. It is not required for businesses with fewer than 50 full-time employees to file WARN warnings with the Department of Labor.

In New York State, private companies with fifty or more full-time employees are subject to the WARN Act. Also, Read

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